Life of Richard Nash, Esq., Late Master of the Ceremonies at Bath | Oliver Goldsmith | 3/3



section 16 of the life of Richard Nash Esquire this is a librivox recording all librivox recordings are in the public domain for more information or to volunteer please visit librivox.org recording by martin Sturge and paul stevens the life of Richard Nash's choir late master of ceremonies at Birth by Oliver Goldsmith edited by peter cunningham epitaphium ricardinho our McGary hick sit assessed Ricardo's Nash obscure awoken Otto's at Nora's artists mega rebus quita man-whore emiram at incredible M regnum opulent t semen Florent ISA monkey plebs precarious principles the Barry Switzer froggies otro deterrant quality pieces summa Donita t10 with a nose plus cuenca Giunta universal popular consent NT a prudent a Cloudant de una vaca criteria oh no creo no more dynam consensus an Imperium Samaj interests Magne nominees provincia come admirably concealed you attract oniy per se non um compelling Otto's administra with a kotani's in VC Dignitas with a Petrova Collins covered the cursive with 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widow Eustace liberals panic knows fajitas earthquake amicus omnibus my keep away misery set against newless Abedini Miko's prattle Magnus cost an under units at the Crematory sales tree stays at fanáticos qui gallery human oh salt enemy Kissimmee package at petryís Amin's concordia fle commit Perpetuum in Reynosa walk on city to it escuela de ed Nuno santeri petulant a melody carry a fact oh no Carrie Oh Derek neck we tan can see B mattawin's in public on our vatos pradilla few econ competent ASIMO's omnia our betrayal soo governance how the Tammany piously data's Marcus Pasquale Florida gratia Gloria octo retard a singularity and in temperament Amin when it Ram Magna kaga Tatiana's at rerum onion fort acidity Lehman who ignore business condo believers Tavarez come to eatables inductee contact ec me eggnog comfort isthmus i query Cebu tyrant Rex omnibus Adam quick read vertebrate nom picabo's owners in say if so Marcus common Alice at Aurora out imprudent yamaji's qualms gallery at improbable tart a packet loss Camaro a garage Oni daiquiri out honesty Nikita quidam Aslam Othman William a poem honest omnibus fakir a in petrol it who use we timer on qui exemplar psychiatry reyga's regula Quay at Cod Kotzen to ignore imply faculty in matheran – Athena hama tranquil tanam a tipsy assent by RT it conked I always reunions by RTC my Talon we're on Hampton quay attempt to Logan's Musa kara desk we do Gantt when areas Jubilee Nesquik lugia dominates away no mitten fountain quarry – where Ober Tanya necklaces – mm Gary prin keep em pre capped or M a Macomb patronum hey oh hey oh no mom post hoc habet torah Purim the following translation of this epitaph will give the English reader an idea of its contents though not of its elegance the epitaph of Richard Nash is Squire here lies Richard Nash born in an obscure village and from mean ancestors to whom however strange to relate both the vulgar and the mighty without bribe or compulsion unanimously gave a kingdom equally rich and flourishing a kingdom which he governed more than 50 years with universal approbation and applause to his empire was also added by the consent of all orders a celebrated province which he ever swayed with great prudence not by delegated power but in person he deign to visit it every year and while the necessities of state demanded his presence he usually continued there in such greatness of fortune his pride discovered itself by no marks of dignity nor did he ever claim the honors of prostration despising at once titles of adulation and laying aside all royal splendor wearing not even the diadem he was content with being distinguished only by the ornamental ensign of a white hat a symbol of the candor of his mind he was a most prudent legislator and more remarkable even than sullen all ice surges he had once established and authorized whatever laws were thought convenient which were equally serviceable to the city and grateful to strangers who made it their abode he was at once a provider and a judge of pleasures but still conducted them with gravity and elegance and repressed licentiousness we severity his chief care was employed in preventing obscenity or impedance from offending the modesty or the morals of the fair sex and in banishing from their assemblies tumult clamor and abuse he not only adorned this city which he loved with beautiful structures but improved it by his examples as no man knew no man taught what was becoming better than he he was just liberal kind and facetious a friend to all but particularly to the poor he had no enemies except some of the trifling great or dull de claimers foes to all mankind equally a lover of peace and of his country he fixed a happy and lasting Concord in his kingdom so that none dare convey scandal or injure by open violence the universal peace or even by carrying arms appear prepared for war with impunity but though his power was boundless yet never did Liberty flourish more which he promoted both by his authority and cultivated for his fame he found out the happy secret earth thing not to be considered without surprise of uniting the vulgar and the great the poor and the rich their learned and ignorant the cowardly and of the brave in the bonds of society an equal king to all whatever his faults were for we all have faults they were rather obnoxious to himself than others they arose neither from imprudence nor mistake never from dishonesty or corrupt principle but so harmless were they that though they failed to create our esteem yet can they not want our pardon could other kings and governors but learn to imitate his example would to heaven they could then might they see themselves happy and the people still enjoying more true felicity ye muses and graces mourn his death ye powers of love he choirs of youth and Virge but thou ow'st Barth Anya more than the rest cease not to weep your king your teacher patron friend never are never to behold his equal whatever might have been justly observed of mr. Nash's superiority as a governor at least it may be said that few co-temporary Kings have met with such Abel panegyrists the former enumerates all his good qualities with tenderness and the latter enforces them with impetuous 'ti they both seem to have loved him and honorably paid his remains the last debt of friendship but a cool biographer and biased by resentment or regard will probably find nothing in the man either truly great or strongly vicious his virtues were all amiable and more adapted to procure friends than admirers they were more capable of raising love than esteem he was naturally endued with good sense but by having been long accustomed to pursue trifles his mind shrunk to the size of the little objects on which it was employed his generosity was boundless because his tenderness and his vanity were in equal proportion the one impelling him to relieve misery and the other to make his benefactions known in all his actions however virtuous he was guided by sensation and not by reason so that the uppermost passion was ever sure to prevail his being constantly in company had made him an easy though not a polite companion he chose to be thought rather an odd fellow than a well-bred man perhaps that mixture of respect and ridicule with which his mock royalty was treated first inspired him with this resolution the foundations of his empire were laid in vicious compliance the continuance of his reign was supported by a virtuous impartiality in the beginning of his authority he in reality obeyed those whom he pretended to govern towards the end he attempted to extort a real obedience from his subjects and supported his right by prescription like a monic Tacitus talks of they complied with him at first because they loved they obeyed at last because they feared him he often led the rich into new follies in order to promote the happiness of the poor and serve the one at the expense of the other whatever his vices were they were abuse to society and this neither Petronius nor a pious nor chide Elias nor any other professed for luxury could say to set him up as some do for a pattern of imitation is wrong since all his virtues received a tincture from the neighboring folly to denounce peculiar judgments against him is equally unjust as his faults raise rather our mirth than our detestation he was fitted for the station in which fortune placed him it required no great abilities to fill it and few of great abilities but would have disdained the employment he led a life of vanity and long mistook it for happiness unfortunately he was taught at last to know that a man of pleasure needs the most unpleasant life in the world end of section 16 section 17 of Richard Nash Esquire this is a librivox recording all librivox recordings are in the public domain for more information or to volunteer please visit librivox.org recording by paul stevens the life of Richard Nash's choir late master of ceremonies at bath by Oliver Goldsmith edited by peter cunningham a letter from mr. blank in Tunbridge to lord blanc in london found among the papers of mr. Nash and prepared by him for the press my lord what I foresaw has arrived poor Jenner's after losing all his fortune has shot himself through the head his losses too bland were considerable and his playing soon after with Spedding contributed to hastened his ruin no man was ever more enamored of play or understood it less at whatever game he ventured his money he was most usually the dupe and still foolishly attributed to his bad luck those misfortunes that entirely proceeded from his want of judgment after finding that he had brought on himself irreparable indigence and contempt his temper formerly so sprightly began to grow gamey and unequal he grew more fond of solitude and more liable to take offense at supposed injuries in short for a week before he shot himself his friends were of opinion that he meditated some such horrid design he was found in his chamber fallen on the floor the bullet having glanced on the bone and lodged behind his right eye you remember my lord what a charming fellow this deluded man was once have been Everland just temperate and every way virtuous the only faults of his mind arose from motives of humanity he was too easy credulous and good-natured and unable to resist temptation when recommended by the voice of friendship these foibles the vicious and the needy soon perceived and what was at first a weakness they soon perverted into guilt he became a gamester and continued to the infamous profession till he could support the miseries it brought with it no longer I have often been not a little concerned to see the first introduction of a young man of fortune to the gaming table with what eagerness his company is courted by the whole fraternity of sharpers how they find out his most latent wishes in order to make way to his affections by gratifying them and to continue to hang upon him with the meanest degree of condescension the youthful dupe no way suspecting imagines himself surrounded by friends and a gentleman and incapable of even suspecting that men of such seeming good sense and so genteel and appearance should deviate from the laws of Honor walks into the snare nor is he undeceived till schooled by the severity of experience as I suppose no man would be a gamester unless he hoped to win so I fancy it would be easy to reclaim him if he was once effectually convinced that by continuing to play he must certainly lose permit me my lord to attempt this task and to show that no young gentleman by a year's run of play and in a mixed company can possibly be a gainer let me suppose in the first place that the chances on both sides are equal that there are no marked cards no pinching shuffling nor hiding let me suppose that the players also have no advantage of each other in point of judgment and still further let me grant that the party is only formed at home without going to the usual expensive places of resort frequented by gangsters even with all these circumstances in the young gamesters favor it is evident he cannot be a gainer with equal players after a year's continuance of any particular game it will be found that whatever has been played for the winnings on either side are very inconsiderable and most commonly nothing at all here then is a year's anxiety pain jarring and suspense and nothing gained were the parties to sit down and professedly play for nothing they would contend the proposal they would call it trifling away time and one of the most insipid amusements in nature yet in fact how to equal players differ it is allowed that little or nothing can be gained but much is lost our youth our time those moments that may be laid out in pleasure or improvement are foolishly squandered away in tossing cards fretting at ill luck or even with a run of luck in our favor fretting that our winnings are so small I have now stated gaming in that point of view in which it is alone defensible as a Commerce carried on with equal advantage and loss to either party and it appears that the loss is great and the advantage but small but let me suppose the players not to be equal but the superiority of judgment in our own favor a person who plays under this conviction however must give up all pretensions to the approbation of his own mind and is guilty of as much injustice as the thief who robbed a blind man because he knew he could not swear to his person but in fact when I allowed the superiority of skill on the young beginners side I only granted an impossibility skill in gaming like skill in making a watch can only be acquired by long and painful industry the most sagacious youth alive was never taught at once all the arts and all the niceties of gaming every passion must be schooled by long habit into caution and phlegm the very countenance must be taught proper discipline and he who would practice this art with success must practice on his own Constitution all the severity zuv a martyr without any expectation of the reward it is evident therefore every beginner must be a dupe and can only be expected to learn his trade by losses disappointment and dishonor if a young gentleman therefore begins to gain the commencements are sure to be to his disadvantage and all that he can promise himself is that the company he keeps though superior in skill are above taking advantage of his ignorance and unacquainted with any sinister arts to correct fortune but this however is but a poor hope at best and what is worse most frequently a false one in general I might almost have said always those who live by gaming are not beholden to chance alone for their support but take every advantage which they can practice without danger of detection I know many are apt to say and I have once said so myself that after I have shuffled the cards it is not in the power of a sharper to pack them but at present I can confidently assure your lordship that such reasoner's are deceived I have seen men both in Paris The Hague and London who after three deals could give whatever hands they pleased to all the company however the usual way with sharpers is to correct fortune thus but once in a night and to play in other respects without blunder or mistake and a perseverance in this practice always balances the year in their favor it is impossible to enumerate all the tricks and arts practiced upon cards few but have seen as bundling poor fellows who go about at coffee houses perform their clumsy feats and yet indifferently as they are versed in the trade they often deceive us when such as these are possessed of so much art what must not those be who have been bred up to gaming from their infancy whose hands are not like those mentioned above rendered callous by labour who have continual practice in the trade of deceiving and wear the eye of the spectator is less upon its guard let the young beginner only reflect by what a variety of methods it is possible to cheat him and perhaps it will check his confidence his antagonists may act by signs and Confederacy and this he can never detect they may cut to a particular card after three or four hands have gone about either by having that card or broader than the rest or by having an exceeding fine wire thrust between the folds of the paper and just peeping out at the edge all the cards may be chalked with particular marks which numbered the sharper can understand or a new pack may be slipped in at a proper opportunity I have known myself in Paris a fellow thus detected with a tin case containing two packs of cards concealed within his shirtsleeve and which by means of a spring threw the cards ready packed into his hands these an hundred other arts may be practiced with impunity and escape detection the great error lies in imagining every fellow with a laced coat to be a gentleman the address and transient behavior of a man of breeding are easily acquired and none are better qualified than gamesters in this respect at first there complacence civility and apparent honor is pleasing but upon examination few of them will be found to have their mind sufficiently stored with any of the more refined accomplishments which truly characterized the man of breeding this will commonly serve as a criterion to distinguish them though there are other marks which every young gentlemen of Fortune should be apprised of a sharper when he plays generally handles and deals the cards awkwardly like a bungler he advances his bets by degrees and keeps his antagonists in spirits by small advantages and alternate success at the beginning to show all his force at once would but fright the bird he intends to decoy he talks of honor and virtue and his being a gentleman and that he knows great men and mentions his coal mines and his estate in the country he is totally divested of that masculine confidence which is the attendant of real fortune he turns yields ascents smiles as he hopes will be most pleasing to his destined prey he is afraid of meeting a shabby acquaintance particularly if in better company as he grows richer he wears finer clothes and if ever he is seen in an under it is most probable he is without money so that seeing a gangster growing Friday each day is a certain symptom of his success for young gentlemen who plays with such men for considerable sums is sure to be undone and yet we seldom see even the rook himself make a fortune a life of gaming must necessarily be a life of extravagance parties of this kind are formed in houses where the whole profits are consumed and while those who play mutually ruin each other they only who keep the house or the table acquire fortunes thus gaming may readily ruin a fortune but as seldom been found to retrieve it the wealth which has been acquired with industry and hazard and preserved for ages by prudence and foresight is swept away on a sudden and when a besieging Sharper sits down before an estate the property is often transferred in less time than the writings can be drawn to secure the possession the neglect of business and the extravagance of the mind which has been taught to cover too precarious possession brings on premature destruction though poverty may fetch a compass and go somewhat about yet will it reach the gamester at last and though his ruin be slow yet it is certain a thousand instances could be given of the fatal tendency of this passion which first impoverishes the mind and then perverts the understanding permit me to mention one not caught from report or dressed up by fancy but such as has actually fallen under my own observation and of the truth of which I beg your lordship may rest satisfied end of section 17 section 18 of the life of Richard Nash is Squier this is a librivox recording all librivox recordings are in the public domain for more information or to volunteer please visit librivox.org recording by paul stevens the life of Richard Nash's choir late master of ceremonies at bath by Oliver Goldsmith edited by peter cunningham at Tunbridge in the year 1715 mr. jay hedges made a very brilliant appearance he had been married about two years to a young lady of great beauty and large fortune they had one child a boy on whom they bestowed all that affection which they could spare from each other he knew nothing of gaming nor seemed to have the least passion for play but he was unacquainted with his own heart he began by degrees to bet at the tables for trifling sums and his soul took fire at the prospect of immediate gain he was soon surrounded with sharpers who with calmness lay in ambush for his fortune and coolly took advantage of the precipitancy of his passions his lady perceived the ruin of her family approaching but at first without being able to form any scheme to prevent it she advised with his brother who at that time was possessed of a small fellowship in Cambridge it was easily seen that whatever took the lead in her husband's mind seemed to be their fixed unalterably it was determined therefore to let him pursue fortune but previously take measures to prevent the pursuit being fatal accordingly every night this gentleman was a constant attender at the hazard tables he understood neither the arts of sharpers nor even the allowed strokes of a connoisseur yet still he played the consequence is obvious he lost his estate his equipage his wife's jewels and every other moveable that could be parted with except a repeating watch his agony upon this occasion was inexpressible he was even mean enough to ask a gentleman whose near to lend him a few pieces in order to turn his fortune but this prudent gangster who plainly saw there were no expectations of being repaid refused to lend a farthing alleging a former resolution against lending hedges was at last furious with his continuance of ill success and pulling out his watch asked if any person in company would set him sixty guineas upon it the company was silent he then demanded fifty still no answer he sunk to 40 30 20 finding the company still without answering he cried out by God it shall never go for less and dashed it against the floor at the same time attempting to dash out his brains against the marble chimney-piece this last act of desperation immediately excited the attention of the whole company they instantly gathered round and prevented the effects of his passion and after he again became COO he was permitted to return home with sullen discontent to his wife upon his entering her apartment she received him with her usual tenderness and satisfaction while he answered her caresses with contempt and severity his disposition being quite altered with his misfortunes but my dear Jimmy says his wife perhaps you don't know the news I have to tell my mamma's old uncle is dead the messenger is now in the house and you know his estate is settled upon you this account seemed only to increase his agony and looking angrily at her he cried there you lie My dear his estate is not settled upon me I beg your pardon says she I really thought it was at least you have always told me so no returned he as sure as you and I are to be miserable here and our children beggars hereafter I have sold the reversion of it this day and have lost every farthing I got for it at the hazard table what all replied the lady yes every farthing returned he and I owe a thousand pounds more than I have to pay thus speaking he took a few frantic steps across the room when the lady had a little enjoyed his perplexity no my dear cried she you have lost but a trifle and you owe nothing our brother and I have taken care to prevent the effects of your rashness and are actually the persons who have won your fortune we employed proper persons for this purpose who brought their winnings to me your money your equipage are in my possession and here I return them to you from whom they were unjustly taken I only ask permission to keep my jewels and to keep you my greatest jewel from such dangers for the future her prudence have the proper effect he ever after retained a sense of his former follies and never played for the smallest sums even for amusement not less than three persons in one day fella sacrifice at Bath to this destructive passion to gentleman fought a duel in which one was killed and the other desperately wounded and a youth of great expectation and excellent disposition at the same time ended his own life by a pistol if there be any state that deserves pity it must be that of a gamester but the state of a dying gamester is of all situations the most deplorable there is another argument which your lordship I fancy will not entirely despise beauty my lord I own is at best but a trifle but such as it is I fancy few would willingly part with what little they have a man with a healthy complexion how great a philosopher so ever he be would not willingly exchange it for a sallow hectic fizz pale eyes and a sharped wrinkled visage I entreat you only to examine the faces of all the noted gamblers round one of our public tables have you ever seen anything more Haggard pinched and miserable and it is but natural that it should be so the succession of passions flush the cheek with red and all such Flushing's are ever succeeded by a consequent paleness so that a gamester contracts the sickly hue of a student while he is only acquiring the stupidity of a fool your good sense my lord I have often had an occasion of knowing yet how miserable is it to be in a set of company where the most sensible is ever the least skillful your footman with a little instruction would I dare venture to affirm make a better and more successful gamester than you want of passions and low cunning are the two great arts and it is peculiar to this science alone that they who have the greatest passion for it are of all others the most unfit to practice it of all the men I ever knew Spedding was the greatest blockhead and yet the best gamester he saw almost intuitively the advantage on either side and ever took it he could calculate the odds in a moment and decide upon the merits of a conch or a horse better than any man in England in short he was such an adept in gaming that he brought it up to a pitch of sublimity it had never attained before yet with all this Spedding could not write his own name what he died worth I cannot tell but of this I am certain he might have possessed a ministerial estate and that one from men famed for their sense literature and patriotism if after this description your lordship is yet resolved to hazard your fortune at gaming I beg you would advert to the situation of an old and luckless gamester perhaps there is not in nature a more deplorable being his character is too well marked he is too well-known to be trusted a man that has been often a bankrupt and renewed trade upon low compositions may as well expect extensive credit as such a man his reputation is blasted his Constitution worn by the extravagance and ill hours of his profession he is now incapable of enduring his dupes and like a superannuated savage of the forest he is starved for want of vigour to hunt after prey thus gaming is the source of poverty and still worse the parent of infamy and vice it is an inlet to debauchery for the money thus acquired is but little valued every gamester is a rake and his morals worse than his mystery it is his interest to be exemplary in every scene of debauchery his prey is to be courted with every guilty pleasure but these are to be changed repeated and embellished in order to employ his imagination while his reason is kept asleep a young mind is apt to shrink at the prospect of ruin care must be taken to harden his courage and make him keep his rank he must be either found a libertine or he must be made one and when a man has parted with his money like a fool he generally sends his conscience after it like a villain and the nearer he is to the brink of destruction the fonder does he grow of ruin your friend and mine my lord had been thus driven to the last reserve for he found it impossible to disentangle his affairs and look the world in the face impatience at length threw him into the abyss he feared and life became a burden because he feared to die but I own that play is not always attended with such tragical circumstances some have had courage to survive their losses and go on content with beggary and sure those misfortunes which are of our own production are of all others most pungent to see such a poor disbanded being an unwelcome guest at every table and often flapped off like a fly is affecting in this case the closest alliance is forgotten and contempt is too strong for the ties of blood to unbind but however fatal this passion may be in its consequence none allows so much in the beginning the person once listed as a gamester if not soon reclaimed pursues it through his whole life no loss can retard no danger awaken him to common sense nothing can terminate his career but want of money to play or of honour to be trusted among the number of my acquaintances I knew but of two who succeeded by gaming the one a phlegmatic heavy man who would have made a fortune in whatever way of life he happened to placed the other who had lost a finest state in his youth by play and retrieved a grater at the age of 65 when he might be justly said to be past the power of enjoying it one or two successful gamesters are the set up in an age to allure the young beginner we all regard such as the highest prize in a lottery unmindful of the numerous losses that go to the accumulation of such infrequent success yet I would not be so morose as to refuse your youth all kinds of play the innocent amusements of a family must often be indulged and cards allowed to supply the intervals of more real pleasure but the son played for in such cases should always be a trifle something to call up attention but not engage the passions the usual excuse for laying large sums is to make the players attend to their game but in fact he that plays only four shillings will mind his cards equally well with him that bets guineas for the mind habituated to stake large sums we'll consider them as trifles at last and if one shilling could not exclude indifference at first neither will an hundred in the end I have often asked myself how is it possible that he who is possessed of competence can ever be induced to make it precarious by beginning play with the odds against him for wherever he goes to sport his money he will find himself overmatched and cheated either at White's Newmarket the tennis court the cockpit or the billiard table he will find numbers who have no other resource but their acquisitions there and if such men live like gentlemen he may readily conclude it must be on the spoils of his fortune or the fortunes of ill judging men like himself was he to attend but a moment to their manner of betting at those places he would readily find the gamester Selden proposing bets but with the advantage in his own favor a man of honor continues to lay on the side on which he first won but games to shift change lie upon the lurch and take every advantage either of our ignorance or neglect in short my lord if a man designs to lay out his fortune in quest of pleasure the gaming table is of all other places that where he can have least for his money the company are superficial extravagant and unentertaining the conversation flat debauched and absurd the hours unnatural and fatiguing the anxiety of losing is greater than the pleasure of winning friendship must be banished from that society the members of which are intent only on ruining each other every other improvement either in knowledge or virtue can scarce find room in that breast which is possessed by the spirit of play the spirits become vapid the Constitution is enfeebled the complexion grows pale till in the end the mind/body friends fortune and even the hopes of Futurity sink together happy if nature terminates the scene and neither justice nor suicide are called in to accelerate her tardy approach i am my lord etc end of section 18 section 19 of the life of Richard Nash Esquire this is a librivox recording all librivox recordings are in the public domain for more information or to volunteer please visit librivox.org recording by paul stevens the life of Richard Nash's choir late master of ceremonies at Bath by Oliver Goldsmith edited by peter cunningham among other papers in the custody of mr. Nash was the following angry letter addressed to him in this manner to Richard Nash Esquire king of Bath sire I must desire your majesty to order the enclosed to be read to the great mr. Hoyle if he be found in any part of your dominions you will perceive that it is a panegyric on his manifold virtues and that he is thanked more particularly for spending his time so much to the emolument of the public and for obliging the world with a book more red than the Bible and which so eminently tends to promote Christian knowledge sound morality and of the happiness of mankind being closed we have omitted as it contains a satire on gaming and may probably give offence to our betters this author however continues the letter writer has not set forth half the merits of the piece under consideration nor is the great care which he has taken to prevent our reading any other book instead of this been sufficiently taken notice of beware of counterfeits these books are not to be depended on unless signed by E oil is a charitable admonition as you have so much power at Bath and our absolute I think you should imitate other great monarchs by rewarding those with honors who have been serviceable in your state and I beg that a new order may be established for that purpose let him who has done nothing but gain all his life and has reduced the most families to ruin and beggary be made a marshal of the black ace under those who are everyday making priscila tights to the tables have the honour of knighthood conferred on them and be distinguished by the style and title of Knights of the four knaves the moment I came into bath my ears were saluted with the news of a gentleman's being plundered at the gaming table and having lost his senses on the occasion the same day a duel was fought between two gentlemen gamesters on the downs and in the evening another hanged himself at the barre but first wrote a note which was found near him importing that he had injured the best of friends these are the achievements of your Knights of the four knaves the devil will pick the bones of all gamesters that certain I and of Julis too but in the meantime let none think that dueling is a mark of courage for I know it is not a person served under me in Flanders who had fought for jewels and depended so much on his skill the strength of his arm and the length of his sword that he would take up a quarrel for anybody yet in the field I never saw one behave so like a poltroon if a few of these gangsters and jeweler's were gibbeted it might perhaps help to amend the rest I have often thought that the only way were at least the most effectual way to prevent dueling would be to hang both parties the living and the dead on the same tree and if the winner and loser were treated in the same manner it would be better for the public since the tucking up of a few Rascals might be a warning to others and save many a worthy family from destruction I am yours etc footnote a scheme to prevent dueling similar to this was attempted by Gustavus Adolphus and is thus recorded by the writer of his life in one of the prussian campaigns when the irrational practice of dueling arose to a considerable height in the swedish army not only among persons of rank and fashion but even amongst common soldiers this prince published a severe edict and denounced death against every delinquent soon after a quarrel arose between two offices of very high command and as they knew the Kings firmness in preserving his word inviolable they agreed to request an audience and to be sought his permission to decide the affair like men of honour his majesty took fire in a moment but repressed his passion with such art that they easily mistook him of course with some reluctance but under the appearance of pitying brave men who thought their reputation injured he told them that he blamed them much for their mistaken notions concerning fame and glory yet as this unreasonable determination appeared to be the result of deliberate reflection to the best of their deluded capacity he would allow them to decide the affair at the time and place specified and gentlemen said he I will be an eyewitness myself of your extraordinary valor and prowess at the hour appointed gustavus arrived accompanied by a small body of infantry whom he formed into a circle round of the combatants now said he fight till one man dies and calling the executioner of the army to him or the provost marshal as the language then ran friend added he the instant one is killed behead the other before my eyes astonished with such inflexible firmness the two generals after pausing a moment fell down on their knees and asked the Kings forgiveness who made them embrace each other and to give their promise to continued faithful friends to their last moments as they did with sincerity and thankfulness Goldsmith end of footnote the author of this letter appears to have been very angry and not without reason for if I am rightly informed his only son was ruined at Bath and by sharpers but why is mr. Nash to be blamed for this it must be acknowledged that he always took pay to prevent the ruin of the youth of both sexes and had so guarded against Jubilee that he would not permit a sword to be worn in Bath as the heart of a man is better known by his private than his public actions let us take a view of Nash in domestic life among his servants and dependents when no glass was required to color his sentiments and disposition nor any masks necessary to conceal his foibles here we shall find him the same open-hearted generous good-natured man we have already described one who was ever fond of promoting the interests of his friends his servants and dependents and making them happy in his own house no man perhaps was more regular cheerful and beneficent than Nash his table was always free to those who sought his friendship or wanted at dinner and after grace was said he usually accosted the company in the following extraordinary manner to take off all restraint and ceremony come gentlemen eat and welcome spare and the devil choke you I mentioned this circumstance for no other reason but because it is well known and is consistent with the singularity of his character and behavior as mr. Nash's thoughts were entirely employed in the affairs of his government he was seldom at home but at the time of eating or of rest his table was well served but his entertainment consisted principally of plain dishes boiled chicken and roast mutton were his favorite meats and he was so fond of the small salt of potatoes that he called them English pineapples and generally eat them as others do fruit after dinner in drinking he was altogether as regular and obstinacy both in this and in eating he seemed to consult nature and obey only her dictates good small beer with or without a glass of wine in it and sometimes wine and water was his drink at meals and after dinner he generally drank one glass of wine he seemed fond of hot suppers usually sucked about nine or ten o'clock upon roast breast of mutton and his potatoes and soon after supper when to bed which induced dr. Shan to tell him jestingly that he behaved like other brutes and lay down as soon as he had filled his belly very true replied Nash and this prescription I had from my neighbor's cow who is a better position than you and a superior judge of plants notwithstanding you have written so learnedly on the vegetable diet Nash generally arose early in the morning being seldom in bed after 5:00 and to avoid disturbing the family and depriving his servants of their rest he had the fire laid after he was in bed and in the morning lighted it himself and sat down to read some of his few but world chosen books after reading sometime he usually went to the Pump Room and drank the waters then took a walk on the parade and went to the coffee house for breakfast after which till two o'clock his usual time of dinner his hours were spent in arbitrating differences among his neighbors or the company resorting to the wells in directing the diversions of the day visiting the newcomers or receiving friends at his own house of which there was a great concourse till within six or eight years before his death his generosity and charity in private life though not so conspicuous was as great as that in public and indeed far more considerable than his little income would admit off he could not stifle the natural impulse which he had to do good but frequently borrowed money to relieve the distressed and when he knew not conveniently where to borrow he has been often observed to shed tears as he passed through the wretched supplicants who attended his gate this sensibility this power of feeling the misfortunes of the miserable and his address and earnestness in relieving their wants exalts the character of mr. Nash and draws an impenetrable veil over his foibles his singularities are forgotten when we behold his virtues and he who laughed at the whimsical character and behavior of this monarch of Bath now laments that he is no more footnote in 1790 ammonia was erected to Nash in the Abbey Church bath at the instigation and chiefly at the expense of dr. Harrington who supplied the epitaph Adeste okie vase a death day Logan taze Hicks silent leghe's Riccardi Nash army GRE new hill and playas in parentis key duet attila samay a sumptuous bar sonia elegant ii i arbiter a hue more tie Ultimo designator I how'd in decor Eisaku buit Anno Domini MDC CLX i-ight at Sioux I L X X X V I I Beatus la Kweisi be imperio –ss if social virtues make remembrance dear or manners pure on decent rule depend to his remains can sign one grateful tear of youth The Guardian and of all the friend now sleeps Dominion here no bounty flows nor more avails the festive scene to grace beneath that hand which no discernment shows untaught to honor or distinguish place end of section 19 and of the life of Richard Nash's Squire late master of ceremonies at Bath by Oliver Goldsmith edited by peter Cunningham you

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